More retailers are providing membership plans and betting that you’ll pay a fee for the privilege of shopping with them. For example, Amazon charges $119 per year for Amazon Prime and has more than 100 million members who make the e-commerce giant their first stop when they go shopping. In exchange for that loyalty, Prime members get lots of benefits, including same-day and free one-day delivery on millions of items, free streaming movies and music, and discounts on groceries at Whole Foods Market. At least a dozen other chain retailers now offer membership plans, and that’s likely to grow.
“We anticipate more paid loyalty programs will launch in the next few years, including programs at grocery stores and gas stations,” says Scott Robinson, Vice President of Design and Strategy at Bond Brand Loyalty, a marketing and consulting firm.
As more membership plans become available, consumers need to carefully weigh the pros and cons. In addition to the perks these plans offer, the cost of membership and the risk that you’ll turn into a spendthrift could outweigh any benefits.
“Once you make a financial commitment to becoming a loyal customer, you’ve got a conscious or unconscious goal to get your money’s worth out of that membership,” says Josh Lowitz, a Partner and Co-founder of Consumer Intelligence Research Partners. “And that can quickly get expensive.”
Among the membership plans that may now be vying for your business are Bed Bath & Beyond’s Beyond Plus, which you can join for $29 per year. For that, you get 20 percent off every time you make a purchase online or at the store. You also get free shipping. Others, including Sephora, Newegg.com, Restoration Hardware, and Wayfair, have rolled out or are testing membership programs, charging fees up to $100 per year.
When you sign up, these retailers offer online and in-store discounts, deals on shipping, dedicated customer service, and financing deals with lower interest rates. Depending on the retailer, membership comes with other perks, too, such as access to exclusive events, discounts on furniture-assembly help (Wayfair) or even free fitness classes (Lululemon).
To help figure out whether a membership will be worth the cost, ask yourself these questions.
Will the discounts really save you money?
“One of the most appealing aspects of paid retail membership programs is the opportunity to pay less for your purchases. But weigh the size of those discounts against the cost of the membership,” says Kit Yarrow, Professor Emerita of Psychology at Golden Gate University.
At $15 per year, the PowerUp Pro membership at GameStop, for example, will get you 10 percent off all pre-owned games, so you’d have to buy about six pre-owned games in a year to offset that cost. A $100 membership to Restoration Hardware gets you 25 percent off any full-priced item, an amount you could likely offset with just one piece of furniture.
Will a membership cause you to spend more than you should?
Buying items you don’t need just to get rewards or a discount could end up costing you rather than saving you money. “Retailers are counting on you to do both,” says Yarrow. Amazon Prime customers spend an average of $1,400 per year on the site, compared with just $600 spent on Amazon by non-Prime members, according to CIRP.
“Once you make the commitment with a membership, you become a little bit lazy about comparison shopping,” says Yarrow.
Will you use the extra perks?
Many retailers offer additional benefits beyond discounts. Restoration Hardware, for example, provides members with a complementary, in-store one-on-one consultation with an interior designer, which may not be valuable to you if you’re a do-it-yourself person or you’re already working with a design pro.
“It’s really no different than taking out a golf club or gym membership,” says Doug Stephens, author of the book Re-Engineering Retail. “You have to ask yourself at the outset, what’s the likelihood that you’ll actually use these services? You may join with the best of intentions, and then after a while look back and see that you only went golfing twice.”
Do you know how the retailer might use your data?
To become a member, you’ll likely have to share your name, address, phone number, and other information in exchange for membership. Some membership programs, such as the one offered by the hat seller Lids, ask for your date of birth with a promise to send you a “birthday present” when the day comes. Retailers will likely also track what and how often you’re buying and use that information to hone their business.
“If you feel that you’re getting a good deal with the membership, you’re probably giving up something,” Stephens says. “Often, that’s information about your habits, tendencies, and behavior.” Stephens says to be sure to read through the terms of the membership agreement before signing up to find out how your data can be shared.
Is it simple to end a membership?
Most membership programs are auto-renewable and many of them are nonrefundable. Still, the terms of each retailer are different. Newegg, for example, will provide a full refund if you haven’t used any benefits in the current annual membership term. Barnes & Noble allows members to opt out of auto-renewal and will provide a refund within 30 days of a membership if it hasn’t been used.
To avoid cancellation problems, set a calendar reminder to evaluate your membership a few weeks before it renews, so that you can opt out if you choose. Also, before renewing a membership, check whether the terms of the membership program have changed or whether your needs have changed. A Restoration Hardware membership, for example, might be a great deal for a new homeowner but less worthwhile after you’ve finished decorating.