From Fossils to Oil Just over fifty years ago, on October 29, 1969, ARPANET—the precursor to the internet as we know it today—was born. At its inception, ARPANET involved four machines across four locations in California and Utah, and it was primarily used for academic research purposes. Just over ten years later, ARPANET had expanded to a couple of hundred machines across the US before it was formally shut down in 1990 and succeeded by the internet. Interestingly, the slow....

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